North Carolina Railroad Locomotives
The following list of early locomotives for the North Carolina Railroad contains the engine's name, later number (if known), date built, builder and wheel arrangement, where available. Of course, all were steam driven.
The American style locomotive was the standard engine built by all of the locomotive manufacturers. While the
Map of Railroad
History & Officers
locomotive had many exterior
variations, the wheel arrangement (4-4-0) and the over-all appearance
remained the same. This particular engine-wheel type was designed to place
as much weight as possible on the drivers and to maneuver the sharp curves and poor quality of track
conditions of the mid-1800s. Information is incomplete and additional
research is being conducted.
Wheel arrangements list the number of wheels on
each of up to 3 sets for these locomotives. The arrangement refers to
leading/guiding wheel, main drivers and secondary driving wheels.
Norris Locomotive Works A
Philadelphia locomotive builder constructing about 1,000 engines between
1836 and 1860. It was the dominant American producer during most of that
Breese, Kneeland & Company A Jersey City, New Jersey, company that used the name New York Locomotive Works. It produced less than 300 locomotives before the Civil War.
Baldwin Locomotive Works A Philadelphia machine shop that had produced 1,000 locomotives by 1861.
North Carolina Railroad The railroad eventually developed the expertise and capability to build new locomotives from parts of earlier locomotives.
Rogers Locomotive Works Founded in 1832, this Paterson, New Jersey textile equipment builder became involved in building locomotives in the mid-1830s. The firm was a leader in engine improvements and productivity. Between 1837 and 1860, it produced 900 engines. Also known as Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor.
A. W. Denmead & Son Began as Baltimore, MD, foundry operated by Adam Denmead. Among partners added were Wm. Denmead. The company produced about 30 locomotives from 1851 - 1859, as well as railroad cars and bridges.
Mason In Taunton, MA, William Mason was a machinist operating several companies that produced items for the textile business, as later the railroads. Mason began building his first locomotive in 1852, completing it in 1853. In 1857, his firm failed but soon reopened. By 1860, the company had produced about 100 locomotives. Due to Civil War demand, another 100 engines were built by 1865.
The Taunton Locomotive Manufacturing Company Established at Taunton, Massachusetts, in 1846 by Willard W. Fairbanks and G.S. Griggs. The companys first locomotive, Rough and Ready, was shipped on May 19, 1847. By 1860, the firm had built 300 locomotives used all over the nation.
Hinkley A Boston company that was officially the Boston Locomotive Works. It produced over 600 engines before being closed down by the Panic of 1857.
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company This Manchester, NH, firm entered the locomotive engine manufacturing business in 1848/49. By 1856, the company was producing about 60 locomotives a year. This division became the Manchester Locomotive Works and operated until 1913.
Grant Locomotive Works Started in 1866/67, this Paterson, NJ, company was formed from the New Jersey Locomotive Company. In 1887, a fire damaged the Patterson plant which briefly reopened until a new Chicago plant was constructed. The company went out of business in June 1893.